The teacher said, I have often told you don,t play with fire. I am glad it helped you. Mary said, “I have been writing this essay.”. Direct and Indirect Language . In simple words, quoting a person using your own words is called an indirect speech. We said that we went for a walk every day. Direct and Indirect Speech: Direct and Indirect Speech is a part of English grammar. Bhaii deer zbardast I appriciated you. In Future Tense, while no changes are made except shall and will are changed into. It is also called reported speech. For example: Present indefinite tense is changed into past indefinite tense. Direct Speech: Quoting the exact words of the Speaker is called Direct Speech. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech "While direct speech purports to give a verbatim rendition of the words that were spoken, indirect speech is more variable in claiming to represent a faithful report of the content or content and form of the words that were spoken. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder Miracle Treasure Chisom on June 02, 2020: This page is very useful.thank you very much.now I am clear in directed speech. When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. She said that she had been waiting for him since last morning. Indirect Speech: They said that they would take exercise. She said, “Alas! He said, “I am writing a letter now.” He said that he was writing a letter then. The inverted comma is used in direct speech, but not in indirect speech. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. Alex said that his parents were very well. Conversely, in an indirect speech own words are used to report the speaker’s statement. Past continuous tense is changed into past perfect continuous tense. Looking for an easy way to Learning of […] No changes are required to be made into past perfect and past perfect continuous tenses. She said that she had finished his lunch. You requested your father to grant him leave for some time. Learners will strengthen their decision-making skills to determine when it’s best to be honest and direct, and when to choose gentle/indirect words. To convert such sentences into indirect narration, use the rules as mentioned above except said is sometimes replaced with told. She exclaimed with great sorrow that her brother had failed in the test. Consider the following sentences: Now consider the different grammatical aspects of both. Example: (2) Add the word ‘very’ to the adjective or adverb if necessary. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. Direct Speech: He said to me, “Shut the door.”. Muhammad Rafiq (author) from Pakistan on April 02, 2020: ډيره مننه احمد خان وزير چې تاسو زما مقاله خوښه کړه. For example: Have you ever watched Terminator III movie? He said that he was listening to the music. Every interrogative sentence ends at a sign of interrogation. He asked me if I did (had done) my homework. We often soften our words, or use indirect language when talking about sensitive topics such as correcting others’ mistakes, or requesting someone’s time or effort. Direct: He said to me, "What is your name?" Now we know What is Direct In Direct / Narration / reported Reporting Speech so now its time to learn the rules before making examples . Alternative names: A direct speech is also called as Quoted Speech. 20 sentences of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. Sentences that make a statement are called assertive sentences. she said , he said , she says , they said , they say etc. ) Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Indirect Speech: They said that they took exercise every day. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. She said that she hadn’t seen George recently. Rafiq said that he would leave for London the next day. He said that he had been sleeping when Mary called. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. before the actual words of the speaker is called a reporting verb. Mary asked Alex why he was going to school. Samuel added that he didn’t know what to do. She said that she could help me tomorrow. this is so helpfully awesome! Explained every concept / rules in a very nice manner. Indirect Speech: They said that they were taking exercise every day. This verb could be in any tense i.e., present, past, or future. My mother prayed that I might succeed in the test. i know you must be thinking why should i learn rules first . Direct speech examples: She said, “I won’t be coming home tonight ”. Direct Speech: He said to me, “Not to smoke.”, We said to him, “Mind your own business.”, You said to your father, “Please grant him leave for some time.”. it's really wonderful and will help me a lot to give confidence in using indirect speech in writing as well as communication. Quoting a person’s words without using his own word and bringing about any change in the meaning of the statement is a reported speech. A very good step by step lesson. Georger told Samuel (that) he was sorry for the accident. Rules for converting Direct into Indirect speech. Direct speech, also known as quoted speech, consists of words or phrases that are taken directly from the source. If the reporting speech is having the reporting verb at it its start, then if is used in place of that. She said that she would buy new house if she had been rich”. He said he had taken Spanish lessons before. Thanks for such a brief explaination. Thank you. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense… Mark of exclamation is used at the end of an exclamatory sentence. Arya said that she was sitting on the chair. A pronoun of the first person (I, my, me, our, we) in direct speech is changed in the indirect to the same person as … For example: Verb tenses usually shift back a tense (into the past) Word order often needs to change; Pronouns often need to change The reporting verb is changed according to reported speech into advise in case the sentence gives a piece of advice. They said that they could communicate smothly. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” b) Indirect: Radha said that she was very busy then. She said (that) she was waiting for Michael”. These words are quoted or written exactly as … Direct Speech: She said to me, “I am writing a letter to my brother.”. Indirect Speech Definition: Indirect speech is writing that provides a summary of what somebody was supposed to have said, and when they said it. She said that she was going to London that day. Free indirect speech is the combination of the two types of speech in the same sentence, so that the narrator faithfully presents what was said by the characters, but making use of an indirect speech in which he himself is telling what was said, that is , there is no separation of the speeches as in direct speech, but the scores are preserved, such as interrogations, exclamations. George said “I need help with my homework.”. Muhammad Rafiq (author) from Pakistan on June 22, 2020: My girlfriend asked whether she liked horror films. He asked her if she would go to the Peshawar Radio Station. For example: To convert interrogative sentences into indirect speech, follow the following rules along with the above-mentioned rules: I said to her, “When do you do your homework?”, You said to me, “Have you read the article?”, He said to her, “Will you go to the Peshawar Radio Station?”. مهرباني وکړه دا مقاله له خپلو ملګرو سره شريک کړه. She said, “I shall be visiting my college tomorrow.”. You say that you went to London the previous day. Those sentences, which ask questions, are called interrogative sentences. Thus, both direct and indirect speeches are two different ways of reporting a statement of person. For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. Indirectly reporting an action in the future can change verb tenses when needed. An indirect speech is also called Reported Speech. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. They said, “We were celebrating Eid yesterday.”. For example: Direct Speech: He said to me, “Shut the door.” Indirect Speech: He requested me to shut the door. The rules above are mandatory for converting direct speech into indirect speech. The Minister said that there will be no growth this year. Past indefinite is changed into past perfect tense. What is indirect speech? Indirect Speech: She told me that she was writing a letter to her brother. They said that they had been celebrating Eid the previous day. Indirect Speech: She says that she is writing a letter to her brother. Rule: If the direct speech has a pronoun, its person is changed, when necessary, to refer in the indirect to the same individual as it does in the direct. my boyfriend asked. Indirect Speech: She says that she sang a song. He said to me that he would not give me any medicine without a prescription. Michael said, “I have finished my lunch.”. My Geography teacher said,'The earth is round'. In grammar, when you report someone else’s statement in your own words without any change in the meaning of the statement, it is called indirect speech. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.”. First Person. Indirect Speech: She says that she is a little bit nervous. Indirect Speech: She says that she was not writing a letter to her brother. 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