Introduction. Tiberius - This figure was Tiberius as early as 1891 by Milani, an identification that was rarely questioned until the 1940s. Augustus - The figure of Augustus was not discovered until the 1903 excavation, and his head was damaged by the cornerstone of the Renaissance palazzo built on top of the original Ara Pacis site. The design of these festoons has long been recognized as the richest and their carving the finest of the entire monument. The Roman Senate, in 13 BC, decided to build an altar in gratitude to Emperor Augustus. The asymmetrical entry hall, defined by seven slender columns in reinforced concrete finished with white waxed marble plaster, leads to the main hall, which houses the Ara Pacis. In 1926 Loewy compared the Louvre Agrippa and that in Copenhagen (and others) to the Ara Pacis to show icongographic similarity. who may it be on the South east panel, other than Tellus? The Ara Pacis Augustae, or Altar of Augustan Peace, was completed in 9 BCE. Scanned from Giuseppe Moretti, L'Ara Pacis Augustae; Rome, 2005 (1st ed. The South Wall has seen a great deal of scholarship and the greatest number of academic debates. The South Wall has seen a great deal of scholarship and the greatest number of academic debates. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. The altar is originally located on northern Rome, with Via Flaminia located on the east and Campus Martius on the west, and is close to River Tibet. One of the best preserved sections of any festoon panel - same as in photos above. Both the altar proper and its enclosing structure were heavily ornamented with relief carving. Augustus of Primaporta. The Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of the Augustan Peace in Rome (south entrance). The Tellus Panel. He was identified in 1903 immediately. Rome, Ara Pacis Museum. Rigorous design with exquisite carving: Like the exterior walls, the interior walls are structured within the powerful geometry of corner pilasters, base, cornice, and intermediate, horizontal stringcourse. Credits: Barbara McManus, 2007 Most noticeable are the elaborate, hanging festoons of wild and cultivated vegetation of all season: ivy, poppies, oak, apples, corn, figs, pomegranates, berries, and more. The Ara Pacis is made up of the actual altar table, on which animal carcasses and wine were offered to the gods, and the enclosure which surrounded it. The altar complex consisted of an interior altar surrounded by a stone precinct wall. This is the currently selected item. Sieveking later reversed himself with a series of peculiar suggestions. This identification remains widespread today. The asymmetrical entry hall, defined by seven slender columns in reinforced concrete finished with white waxed marble plaster, leads to the main hall, which houses the Ara Pacis. A predominating feature of the new building is a glass curtain wall measuring 150 feet long and 40 feet high. I’m not certain what the difference is, but I do know that if you butt your head against a stone wall long enough, at some point you realize the wall is stone and that your head is flesh and blood.”—Maya Angelou (b. monument is dedicated. Ara Pacis Augustae is important for it is a symbol of the Roman peace, Pax Romana, and civil religion and rituals. Exceptional quality of elaborate, detailed, original carving; detail of panel in photos at left. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on 4 July 13 B.C. Unlike the North Wall, where most of the heads are new (not authentic ancient heads, but modern creations), the heads of the figures on the South Wall are mostly original. These portions of the festoon panels are well-preserved - zoom in. January 30, 9 B.C.E. South Wall. Processional scene (south side), Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) 9 B.C.E. TO ZOOM IN ON THE LARGE IMAGES, USE THE BUTTONS AT TOP-LEFT. It was consecrated after 4 years of construction on January 30, 9 BC to celebrate the peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire after Augustus' victories,and to act as a visual reminder of the Julio-Clau… The interpretation of the reliefs has been the subject of scholarly debate. North wall. In the interior, however, the pilaster are flat, the base plain, and the stringcourse a gentle lotus and palmette design. Much like the northern wall, this side of the Ara Pacis is split into a top and bottom panel. The festoons hang from the horns of ox skulls (bucrania), attached by ribbons, the ends of which flutter outward as if in a breeze. Boschung and Bonanno have both matched the face to early period Tiberius statuary. Depicted here are more members of the imperial family and their servants. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace.The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honour the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul and consecrated on January 30, 9 BC. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace. Processional scene (south side) with Agrippa (hooded), Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) 9 B.C.E. The south wall of the Ara Pacis shows the ceremony of Augusutus' return. Processional scene (south side) with Agrippa (hooded), Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) 9 B.C.E. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Exceptional quality of elaborate, detailed, original carving; detail of panel in photo at left. But as has been well established, Augustus is flanked by priests, and this figure is Tiberius. The altar was named after the period of Augustan Peace, which was established by Augustus, the first Roman emperor.It was commissioned by the Senate in 13 BC, and the construction was completed in 9 BC.Carved by the most talented artists of the Augustan period, the monument commemorates Augustus's return from military campaigns in Hispania and Gaul. Some half dozen figures are recognizable from looking at other surviving statues of members of the imperial family. monument is dedicated. He also suggested that the Ara Pacis is arranged in family groups. (Ara Pacis Museum, Rome) (photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) A running, vegetal frieze runs parallel to the processional friezes on the lower register. The upper portion also follows a repeating pattern, but with the parts subtly varied, and with rich, symbolic imagery. “The developments in the North were those loosely embraced in the term modernization and included urbanization, industrialization, and mechanization. The dedication was recorded in Ovid’s Fasti as well as by Augustus himself in his “Res Gestae Divi Augusti” Unfortunately however with the prospect of war ahead the actual cover building of the ara pacis was shoddy in construction and by the 1980s it was leaking badly and needed major renovations. The Ara Pacis is one of the finest sculptural creations from the reign of Augustus, and its level of preservation is remarkable. This planar elevation cross-section shows the inside of the original south side wall as reconstructed in 1938, identifying original portions of the monument. Credits: Barbara McManus, 2007 The Northern Wall of the Ara Pacis The North wall of the Ara Pacis is a relief of a procession of Senators. The Ara Pacis Augustae, or Altar of Augustan Peace, was completed in 9 BCE. Rigorous design with exquisite carving: Like the exterior walls, the interior walls are structured within the powerful geometry of corner pilasters, base, cornice, and intermediate, horizontal stringcourse. The monument consists of a traditional open-air altar at its centre surrounded by precinct walls which are pierced on the eastern and western ends (so called today because of the modern layout) by openings and elaborately and finely sculpted entirely in Luna marble. Nevertheless, a majority of scholars in 2000 preferred to see this figure as Livia. East face panel of Tellus. While those changes went forward apace, the antebellum South changed comparatively little, clinging to its rural, agricultural, labor-intensive economy and its traditional folk culture.”—C. The east and west sides of the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome, Italy each bears two main reliefs, although the reliefs themselves have survived to differing degrees. What to see at the Ara Pacis Museum. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (Ara Pacis Museum, Rome) A good deal of modern restoration has been undertaken on the north wall, with many heads heavily restored or replaced. This is the currently selected item. 1948), vol.2, pl.9. The altar was named after the period of Augustan Peace, which was established by Augustus, the first Roman emperor.It was commissioned by the Senate in 13 BC, and the construction was completed in 9 BC.Carved by the most talented artists of the Augustan period, the monument commemorates Augustus's return from military campaigns in Hispania and Gaul. Essay by Dr. Jeffrey Becker. In the interior, however, the pilaster are flat, the base plain, and the stringcourse a gentle lotus and palmette design. Reproduced with appreciation. "Plate 9 - Preserved parts of the south side: interior", print by "prof. Enrico Paoloni". The Ara Pacis is an exciting example of Roman sculpture in the early times. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace. Ara Pacis Augustae or the Altar of Augustan Peace was built for Emperor Augustus under a decree issued by the Roman Senate in 13 BCE. Today Augustus is better recognized by his hair style than his face. Ara Pacis. It is the Altar to Peace and the Altar of Augustus, but not the Altar to the Peace of Augustus. 23  Innerfrieze, plates 14, 15, 16.". Julia (Livia) - many scholars continue to see the Julia figure as Livia under the reasoning that Livia has to be on the Ara Pacis. the Roman Senate votes (in a constitutio) to honor the triumphal return of Augustus from Gaul and Hispania (France and Spain). Ara Pacis Augustae. Indeed Livia does appear somewhere (she could hardly be excluded), but by 13 BC Julia had politically eclipsed Livia, as has been understood and explained by many scholars. Ara Pacis Augustae is important for it is a symbol of the Roman peace, Pax Romana, and civil religion and rituals. I have edited the 'South Wall' section because of the person who decided to interpose their disagreements within my section on Pollini's opinion regarding the … Along the top, members of the imperial family and their servants are carved. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul, and consecrated on January 30, 9 BC. South Side, Ara Pacis by Steven Zucker (CC BY-NC-SA) On the east and west sides of the exterior walls are panels with mythological scenes including a version of the she-wolf nursing Romulus and Remus , Roma seated on a pile of armour flanked by Honos and Virtus, Aeneas sacrificing to the Penates and a female figure with two children who may be Pax, Venus Genetrix or Tellus (Mother Earth). Built to celebrate the return of Augustus to Rome in 13 BCE following campaigns in Spain and Gaul, it is a masterpiece of Roman sculpture and, in particular, portraiture. Ara Pacis. Scanned from Eugen Petersen, "Ara Pacis Augustae, von Eugen Petersen, mit Zeichnungen von George Niemann", Sonderschriften des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes in Wien, 1902; vol. As the name suggests, the altar symbolizes peace as to honor Augustus’ victorious return to Rome after restoring law and order in Spain and Gaul, through rigorous peace campaigns and talks. Early empire. The lower portion of the interior walls are thought to be an imitation in stone of wooden walls sometimes set up to delimit altar precincts (see drawing on page 3). Reproduced with appreciation. Ara Pacis Augustae or the Altar of Augustan Peace was built for Emperor Augustus under a decree issued by the Roman Senate in 13 BCE. As shown on coins, the doorway was occasionally closed by sliding, wooden doors. Ara Pacis. This campaign is known to have begun in 2 BC, which means that Gnaeus Ahenobarbus must have already been of a mature age by that year. Measuring approximately 11 meters by 11 meters, it consists of an extensively caved outer wall that encloses a space called the precinct, which contains the sacrificial altar itself. the Roman Senate votes (in a constitutio) to honor the triumphal return of Augustus from Gaul and Hispania (France and Spain). The Ara Pacis was built with white marble that was originally painted in bright colors. There are lots of children among the crowd, which represents Emperor Augustus’ … The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, “Altar of Augustan Peace”; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Peace, the Roman goddess. The Artists of the Ara Pacis: The Process of Hellenization in Roman Relief Sculpture (Studies in the History of Greece and Rome University of North Carolina Press) Peter J. Holliday, "Time, History, and Ritual on the Ara Pacis Augustae" The Art Bulletin 72.4 (December 1990:542-557) doi:10.2307/3045761; Rossini, Orietta 2006. Augustus of Primaporta. Ara Pacis Ara Pacis Augustae, the “Altar of Augustan Peace”, as reassembled. Email. The South Wall. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. There are lots of children among the crowd, which represents Emperor Augustus’ … South Side; East Front; West Front; Inside of Side with Augustus original south side. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul, and consecrated on January 30, 9 BC. Practice: Ara Pacis . Some of the Senators are carrying olive branches in their hands as an allusion to peace. Reproduced with appreciation. Agrippa - In the absence of the panel including Augustus, early scholars debated whether this figure was Augustus or Agrippa or Lepidus. South Wall The much debated South Face of the Ara Pacis Augustae contains a number of recognizable figures, but the identities of several remain in dispute. Vann Woodward (b. Ara Pacis Ara Pacis Augustae, the “Altar of Augustan Peace”, as reassembled. (Ara Pacis Museum, Rome) (photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) A running, vegetal frieze runs parallel to the processional friezes on the lower register. July 4, 13 B.C.E. Practice: Augustus of Primaporta . The north wall has about 46 extant or partially extant figures. Ara Pacis Augustae. This is a swan detail from the lower zone of the south wall. July 4, 13 B.C.E. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. Scanned from Giuseppe Moretti, Ara Pacis Augustae; Rome, 2005 (1st ed. Ara Pacis, south procession Agrippa (hooded) and Livia with young Gaius Caesar (right side) Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace). Nevertheless, much debate has taken place over many of these figures, including Augustus, Agrippa, Tiberius, Julia, and Antonia. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. This print, published in 1902, shows that this was one of the earliest recovered sections of the festoon panels, unusually well preserved. The art of gem carving. The Ara Pacis is one of the finest sculptural creations from the reign of Augustus, and its level of preservation is remarkable. Unlike the North Wall, where most of the heads are new (not authentic ancient heads, but modern creations), the heads of the figures on the South Wall are mostly original. The long friezes of the Ara Pacis (the North and South Walls) contain figures advancing towards the West, ... when the Senate voted to build the Ara Pacis. Aside from a very small minority of scholars (most vehemently defending Lepidus in Rom. V.H. The altar complex consisted of an interior altar surrounded by a stone precinct wall. Built to celebrate the return of Augustus to Rome in 13 BCE following campaigns in Spain and Gaul, it is a masterpiece of Roman sculpture and, in particular, portraiture. A splendid monument dedicated to the peace and prosperity that the reign of Emperor Caesar Augustus had brought to Rome. 1928). Augustus of Primaporta. Angle view of corner in photos at left. Augustus of Primaporta. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) is a sacrificial altar commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honor the triumphal return of emperorAugustus from his campaigns in Hispania (Spain) and Gaul (France). The many children represent Augustus' wish for an increase in the birthrate among the upper class. A bit of history about the Ara Pacis. South Wall. Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace), 13-9 B.C.E.Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris & Dr. Steven Zucker The South Wall. north wall of Ara Pacis viewed from east entrance, 13-9 BCE north wall of Ara Pacis viewed from west entrance, 13-9 BCE Rome, Ara Pacis Museum. Ara Pacis. The North and South Sides of the Ara Pacis ... 2011 by Steve. Both the altar proper and its enclosing structure were heavily ornamented with relief carving. The level of the land rose relentlessly throughout the area, largely due to the inundations of the Tiber; there were efforts to protect the Ara Pacis by building a wall to halt the process by which the ground level was rising, but obviously these precautions were ineffective in … Furthermore, Livia has no bond to Agrippa, whereas Julia was his wife and expected to be the unofficial empress of Rome for decades, during and beyond Augustus' lifetime. while the Ara Pacis was being built. This helps prove that the ceremony is an event in 13, although a few scholars continued to argue the ceremony was that of 9 BC. The sculpture of Augustus, recognizable by his hair, went undiscovered until 1903, but is now fully accepted by all scholars. Gemma Augustea. Senators, priests, and the imperial family took part in the event, and are portrayed in procession on the outer walls. Augustus (far left) and members of the imperial household (south side), Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) 9 B.C.E. Ara Pacis, south procession Agrippa (hooded) and Livia with young Gaius Caesar (right side) Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace). Rome, Ara Pacis Museum. 1908), “...there is a difference between being convinced and being stubborn. However, there are some dissenters from this theory. This fragment of the altar's South Wall … 1, fig.23. The much debated South Face of the Ara Pacis Augustae contains a number of recognizable figures, but the identities of several remain in dispute. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. one of the most significant monuments of Ancient Rome as a temple for the sacrifice of sacred animals where only priests and vestals participated Courtesy of the Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Rome. Early empire. (Ara Pacis Museum, Rome) A good deal of modern restoration has been undertaken on the north wall, with many heads heavily restored or replaced. Much like the northern wall, this side of the Ara Pacis is split into a top and bottom panel. Moretti, in making the glass museum for the Ara Pacis at Mussolini's command, guessed that the two consuls (Tiberius and Varus) of 13 flank Augustus, so he saw this figure as M. Valerius Messalla. "Fig. The east and west sides of the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome, Italy each bears two main reliefs, although the reliefs themselves have survived to differing degrees. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace.The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul, and consecrated on January 30, 9 BC. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) is a sacrificial altar commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honor the triumphal return of emperor Augustus from his campaigns in Hispania (Spain) and Gaul (France). Looking along back of sacrificial altar to left end of original south side wall. Antonia, Drusus, and Germanicus - In 1880 H. Dütschke proposed the correct identity for Antonia and Drusus, but saw the toddler as Claudius (incorrectly). The entirety was raised on a marble base with steps leading into the precinct space. Mitt in the 1930s was Ludwig Curtius), the rest of the academy agreed this figure is Agrippa. The entirety was raised on a marble base with steps leading into the precinct space. Credits: Barbara McManus, 2007 Keywords: religion; Ara Pacis Augustae; Augustan symbolism. Some scholars have suggested that there was just such a wooden precinct wall initially set up for the Ara Pacis. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on 4 July 13 B.C. It is the Altar to Peace and the Altar of Augustus, but not the Altar to the ... Pollini and the South Wall. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul, and consecrated on January 30, 9 BC. In the original instance, the Ara Pacis was built between 13 and 9 BCE. The North and South Sides of the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome ... 2011 by Steve. The south wall of the exterior screen depicts Augustus and his immediate family. Courtesy of the Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Rome. Start studying Ara Pacis Augustae. Processional scene (south side) with Agrippa (hooded), Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) 9 B.C.E. north wall of Ara Pacis viewed from east entrance, 13-9 BCE north wall of Ara Pacis viewed from west entrance, 13-9 BCE Rome, Ara Pacis Museum. The south wall of the Ara Pacis shows the ceremony of Augusutus' return. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, “Altar of Augustan Peace”; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Peace, the Roman goddess. Julia also better personified Augustus' new pro-natalism program, having already given birth to four surviving children. In modernity, fragments were discovered over the course of several centuries. This is a swan detail from the lower zone of the south wall. All of the Senators are wearing togas and a laurel wreath (the symbol of Victory). Gemma Augustea. The first two foreground figures are lictors, carrying fasces (bundles of rods symbolizing Roman authority). The Domitii Ahenobarbi - In the same 1903 article, von Domaszewski also proposed that the last family on the South Wall is that of the father of the emperor Nero (born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus). Ara Pacis. The Southern Wall of the Ara Pacis. The children were the only way Rome and its power could survive. Officials and the Imperial family are depicted in an animated procession in the relief panels on the exterior of the altar. Practice: Ara Pacis . Ara Pacis - South Wall. A predominating feature of the new building is a glass curtain wall measuring 150 feet long and 40 feet high. The Ara Pacis – with 4.5-meter-tall walls on a ten by eleven meter rectangular base, protecting the altar itself – was built in the Campus Marius and inaugurated on January 30th, 9 BC. Along the top, members of the imperial family and their servants are carved. Pollini reasons that the subsequent career delay of Ahenobarbus is likely due to his documented unpleasant character, and points out that the careers of other members of the family were also affected by their display of undesirable traits, notably Augustus' youngest grandson, Agrippa Postumus, and Germanicus' brother, the later emperor, Claudius. Officials and the Imperial family are depicted in an animated procession in the relief panels on the exterior of the altar. Pietro Ii Di Savoia, Santa Rita Protettrice Di Cosa, , Santa Rita Protettrice Di Cosa, Tips for using this website. The Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of the Augustan Peace in Rome (south entrance). In defence of the identification of the group as the Domitii Ahenobarbi and of the boy as Gnaeus, Pollini has pointed out that Suetonius specifically mentions that Nero's father went "to the East on the staff of the young Gaius Caesar". Syme claims that it is just the identification of the children that is incorrect, preferring to identify the boy figure as an otherwise unknown elder son and the girl figure as an otherwise unknown elder daughter of Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus and Antonia Major. In the same 1907 article mentioned above, Sieveking proposed that this figure was Lepidus, the Pontifex Maximus. The altar of pease is the monument that commemorates the victories of Augustus and symbolizes the establishment of peace in the Roman Empire (the “Pax”, a particularly vital concept during the reign of Augustus) after about one hundred years of wars.. History. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar to Peace, envisioned as a Roman goddess. The complex of the Ara Pacis Augustae, an altar dedicated in 9 BCE, stood in the Campus Martius.The building was erected by the Senate to celebrate Augustus’s return from Spain and Gaul in 13 BCE. ... Pollini and the South Wall. The platform of the altar was surrounded by a high screen wall, embellished with … "Plate 10 - Original parts of the floral frieze north and south". This relief is also notable for the depicted children. He also correctly determined that the two-year old child could only be Germancius, whose exact birth in 24 May 15 BC is known. Email. The museum is divided into three main areas. von Poulsen proposed Iullus Antonius. The level of the land rose relentlessly throughout the area, largely due to the inundations of the Tiber; there were efforts to protect the Ara Pacis by building a wall to halt the process by which the ground level was rising, but obviously these precautions were ineffective in … The Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Peace of Augustus, was inaugurated 4 years later, in the year 9 AC. It shows two figures, the first of whom is a priest, or more precisely a flamen, while the figure following him is sometimes identified as Augustus himself, possibly shown wearing the attire of the Pontifex Maximus, a position which he assumed in 12 B.C. About 46 extant or partially extant figures and civil religion and rituals being.. `` Plate 10 - original parts of the Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato Rome. Augustae ( Altar of Augustan Peace ) 9 B.C.E being convinced and being stubborn years,... Design of these festoons has long been recognized as the richest and their carving the finest the! 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